MS4 Planning: Challenges and Barriers for Implementing Small MS4 Programs

Presentation by Dr. Leslie Rieck and Dr. Melvin Zimmerman (Clean Water Institute at Lycoming College)

We summarize common challenges concerning MS4 management and offer real-world examples of effective approaches for satisfying MS4 requirements. For example, with no direct federal funding mechanism, small municipalities are at a particular disadvantage in terms of finding funding sources. Small municipalities can benefit greatly from a realistic, facts-based clarification of MS4 policies and practices that lays out many options available to achieve NPDES requirements.